Also called the rosa palustris, it is almost exclusively found in the Eastern US, east of the Mississippi River. Pockets of it can be found in Iowa, Missouri, and Minnesota, so it is slowly making its way west. It’s not classed as invasive like the multiflora rose. It tends to do better in the east and southeast as it is a wetlands flower.
Like the Rosa Carolina, the palustris is a wild rose. It can be recognized in nature from its hooked thorns, which can be nasty. It has a nice bloom through the spring, and there are single to double petalled cultivars. Hips are produced in the summer. It can grow for years, up to 20 in some cases, and get up to eight feet high. As a wetlands flower, it does not do well in drought or limited watering situations.
Although it is a native flower to the U.S, you can sometimes find the swamp rose in nurseries and some garden stores. It looks nice as a hedge or edge rose, especially on a meadow or more wild area. It will attract wildlife for the hips.