Multiflora Rose

Also known as rosa multiflora, but can also be called baby rose or rambler rose, this wild plant has spread rapidly throughout the US and can be found in many meadows, pastures, and forests. It is not a true rambler or climber however. In fact it was commonly used as a hedge or fence for animal and pasture control.

Multiflora flowers
Sesamehoneytart [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)]

The multiflora rose was first imported in 1866 from Asia. Since then, it has spread rapidly from the Northeast to the rest of the country, although it is not as common in the Mountain states. Its ability to server as a fast growing hedge rose and its vigor made it appealing as stock for display roses. However, it was found to be very invasive and fast growing.

You will often find it in deep thickets near meadows and pasture edges and tends to crowd out other native plants. While it can be a pest if left unchecked, the multiflora does have some beautiful touches. It is similar to the rosa carolina in that it also has 5 petals abd blooms in the May and June time periods. However, it is normally smaller bloomed and will be white to light pinkish in color. You’ll also often find this as the grafiting stock for standard roses, especially on the East Coast.

Given that it is a wild rose and invasive in nature, its not exactly the type you’ll find at your neighborhood nursery. In fact the National Park Service recommends that you don’t plant this.